Simon Parkes on the Mandela Effect

Today, I heard a calm, reasonable view of the Mandela Effect. No hyperbole. No hysteria.

It was refreshing.

I haven’t listened to this entire recording, so keep in mind: I may not agree with Simon Parkes’ other opinions. (What little I heard of the opening of his radio show… it went directly to political opinions. At this website, I avoid topics that might take us too far off the Mandela Effect topic. Recently, that’s become even more imperative, to keep the focus on the alternate memories we share.)

radio towerHowever, Mr. Parkes’ interpretation of the Mandela Effect — and his insights about it — are exactly what I’d hoped to hear.

To listen to his thoughts on the Mandela Effect, go to Wolf Spirit Radio’s public archives. Then, look for the 2016-11-20 broadcast, Simon Parkes QA II. (Or, click on that link and download the MP3.)

On a friend’s advice, I fast-forwarded to the 1:10:00 point in the recording.

Shortly after that point, Mr. Parkes begins talking about the Mandela Effect, and discusses it for around four minutes.

I was dazzled by his views on this topic, and the fact that he knew this isn’t a new concept. (I started this website over six years ago.)

I was impressed.

So, if you’re looking for a short, non-polarizing discussion about the Mandela Effect, Mr. Parkes provides it.

Meanwhile, I’m still compiling Mandela Effect data and correlating it with some other information I’ve received. I’m hoping to produce a book early in 2017, to summarize what I’ve learned, so far. (I’ll also post some fresh articles at this website. The amount of information is rather large, to put it mildly.)

Question: Does Accepting the Mandela Effect Increase Slides?

attic lightIn discussions with friends, a question has been raised: When someone accepts the idea that the Mandela Effect is real, does this reduce one’s resistance to it? And, does this result in more frequent slides from one reality to another?

Instead of a subconscious effort not to slide, are we mentally “catching the wave” and riding it to the next, cooler, alternate experience?

I’m interested in whether you feel that — since looking at the Mandela Effect concept, and deciding that it might be real — you’re seeing an increasing number of changes.

I don’t mean “Whoa, when did that change?” moments.  I mean times when you look at something and know it was different yesterday, or in a time since you stumbled onto the Mandela Effect.

I’m not looking for a list of shifting memories.

Mostly, I’m interested in your theories about what’s going on, and if you’re seeing more changes since you considered the Mandela Effect, and decided it’s not only possible, but okay. To use an old phrase, now that you know about the Mandela Effect, are you happy (or at least somewhat content) to “go with the flow”?

Is Time Travel Part of the Mandela Effect?

Time travel. If it’s real — and many physicists insist that time travel has to be — does it explain some of the Mandela Effect?

Matt Smith quote about time travel


I’m reading The Yoga of Time Travel, by physicist Fred Alan Wolf.  In the Introduction of that book, he reminds us, “… a scientific basis for time travel was established more than a hundred years ago… Albert Einstein and Hermann Minkowski showed how it was theoretically possible in 1905 and 1908.”

In the next paragraph, Wolf said something that startled me. It confirms something we’ve talked about here at

“…let me tell you a secret: Some of the remarkable people you meet in life are time travelers. A few of these people know it; the others time travel without realizing it, but they do it just the same. These are the people who appear older than their years or, yes, often enough considerably younger.” [Emphasis added.]

So, how could this work with the Mandela Effect? As I see it, only for very specific, limited memories. Here’s an example.

Let’s say it’s December 1986 and you’re a teenager. You’re aware of turmoil in South Africa, and — in your reality — Nelson Mandela is taking part in another hunger strike where he’s imprisoned. (A side note for those who are looking at patterns related to 2s and 3s: He was prisoner 46664.)

One morning, you go through your bedroom door and — in another reality where it’s December 2013 (but you’re only half-awake as you shovel in a quick breakfast, and you don’t notice some odd changes) — your mother tells you the sad news that Nelson Mandela has died.

Since your mind is on an upcoming exam, you assume Mandela died from the hunger strike.

And then you go back to your bedroom, through the doorway* …and you’re back in 1986.

That day’s exam (at school) is a disaster. You know you did badly. You scramble to earn some extra credits before school vacation, because you really need a good grade in that class.

And, then it’s the holiday season. You forget all about Mandela’s death… until 2010 or so, when a friend says a few people recall Mandela dying in the late 20th century.

Suddenly, that memory — which you think is from 1986 — comes flooding back. You know Mandela died in 1986, because your mother said so, and she was never, ever wrong about that kind of thing.

Could that explain one kind of Mandela Effect?

Maybe. I think it would only work for specific, isolated memories. And, you’d need to be oblivious to the cues that you’re — at least briefly — in a different time.

But, if time travel is as commonplace as Fred Alan Wolf suggests, it’s something to consider.


*I’ve thrown in a doorway reference, because I think it’s possible that the “doorway effect” doesn’t just wipe some of our memories. In some (rare?) cases, it might be the portal to & from parallel realities.

Yes, I know that’s wild speculation, but — for me, anyway — it’s fun to wonder about this. And that’s why I’m sharing it with you.

— Illustration based on a graphic by Michel Meynsbrughen

What’s Sliding – Your Consciousness, Memories, or Body?

Let’s pretend the Mandela Effect involves sliding from one reality to another. (The other leading explanation is that we’re each in a holodeck. The third explanation is that selected things — portions of our world, or selected chunks of time — are replaced, at least briefly, now & then.)

But if we’re each (individually or in groups) sliding,  what is sliding? Is it our entire body, complete with our consciousness and memories? Is it just our consciousness… or some parts of us but not others?

According to an International Business Times (UK) article, it appears that scientists in China are working on a related experiment: Teleportation of bacteria’s memories… (That link takes you to another website.)

Mandela Effect image
Courtesy of free images

In the past, some comments at this website have raised questions about which parts of us teleport (or “slide”) from one reality to another.

One such comment was in a thread started by Anthony. In a reply, Martin Williams said, “Maybe we don’t physically slide, but our existing consciousness travels to another me, and I only remember the change.. Could it be nothing happens to our other selves, just we jump from body to body over the dimensions. we jump into our own body in an alternate world.”

I’ve looked for past, public comments about physical changes. (Some people have reported, privately, scars moving.) Yes, they’re “just” anecdotes, but they may provide helpful insights.

Jelz talked about a vaccination scar appearing and disappearing. “As a kid, I received a smallpox vaccine scar on my right shoulder. It sometimes disappears when I try to show it to people who don’t have the same.”

Joseph Trevino described changing scars and moving birthmarks, “But recently I realized that my appendicitis scar was considerably fainter and I had a new, darker scar farther back, paralleling it. Also, I used to have three birthmarks (in the shape of a triangle) on my left collarbone- except now its on the right, and has a fourth, smaller mark under the top one. I chalked it up to reflection misinterpretation…”

(His comment is typical of the way most readers look first to logical explanations for such changes.)

Albo talked about a childhood incident involving deep scratches from a cat. However, though Albo has scars from lesser accidents, the wound from the cat seems to have left no scars, though it should have.

(That’s one of the most detailed reports among several talking about childhood accidents that should have left scars, but no evidence remains. And, in casual research, I’ve found nothing to indicate that children scar less easily than young adults.)

Alicia also describes a scar that vanished… along with her family’s memories of the dramatic events that led up to it. “On a personal side of things, my brother was a bit of a crap head, he got into some stuff he shouldn’t have and owed a dealer some money. I was confronted and ended up having a chunk sliced out of my arm in the scuffle. I still have the scar but last Christmas my family all acted shocked and concerned about a scar on my arm that is 7 years old. Not a single one remembering me having to go to the ER or…” (The comment is much longer, but this is the important part, for this discussion.)

ampster commented about serious scars that vanished for no reason , “Also in the summer of 1984 I fell off of a four wheeler and badly burned the back of both of my legs. It left me with rather bad scars on the back of both calves. Or so I thought, until one day in the mid-nineties when I mentioned something about it to my then-boyfriend who was confused, because I had no scars. For about ten years the scars disappeared and reappeared. I haven’t seen them since about 2006. (My parents and I always remember the accident, but apparently the severity switches?)”

Courtney recalls childhood surgery and wonders why there’s no scar now, “I clearly remember lying on an operating table and looking up to see doctors and nurses crowded around me. I believed, vehemently, that I had gotten surgery until I was ten and my mother explained to me that I had never had surgery. I even would have said I had a scar until that day, but there’s no scar.”

So, those six public comments out of 10,000, over five years. That’s not a huge number, but I also can’t claim this site provides an accurate survey of the general public, or even of our readers. And, I’ve never before asked about moving scars, or other unexplained physical marks that might suggest whether bodies slide with us, or not.

(Of course, some people will point out that scars can heal to the point of becoming invisible, or nearly so. Yes, I think we all understand that, and these people have considered the possibility of complete healing, without a trace. If the answer were that simple, they wouldn’t have left a comment here.)

If you have a scar that’s dramatically moved, appeared, or vanished (or some similar, unexplained physical change), I don’t need the entire (or gory) context, just the essential highlights. Share them in comments, below, or use the Contact form.

And, if you have ideas related to whether or not an individual’s consciousness and body “slide” together from one reality to another, share them in comments, below, too.

2019, CERN, and the Mandela Effect

winter-whirlpoolI’m musing about a few points. I’m interested in your thoughts about this, related to quantum research.

This was triggered by noone’s comment, linking to

In that article, the author says, “And physicists only have two to three years before CERN shuts the LHC down for upgrades. If we haven’t found anything by then, Cliff said, it could signal the beginning of the end.” (As I read that, he means the end of this particular research effort.)

Let’s say that’s 2019. That fits the prediction of Mr. French: “… after 2019 this window closes and your pretty much stuck on the earth you vibrate with.”

It’s also a match for John D’s comment: “From what I know, 2015 and 2016 should be fairly low key with odd happenings and occurrences. However from 2017-2019 there will be quite a bit of noticeable glitches. It should again be fairly quiet in 2020. Beyond that my sources are a bit….strained I guess would be the right word.”

So, I’m wondering if much of the Mandela Effect — or our current, heightened awareness of it, at least — is related to CERN’s experiments. And, if the decisions we make right now (referring to the BI topic I linked to, yesterday) and through the end of 2018, determine which reality we’ll be “pretty much stuck on,” per Mr. French.

What do you think?

Alice, Mirrors, and the Mandela Effect

alice through the looking glass - and the Mandela Effect

How long have people been traveling across realities? Are Mandela Effect concepts strewn throughout folklore, legends, and literature?

I believe so, and some are related to mirrors.

Mirrors as Portals in Folklore and Fiction

In Alice in Wonderland, and Through the Looking-Glass, the title character accesses an alternate reality by moving through a mirror (looking-glass) as the entry point. (Previously, she’d journeyed through a rabbit hole.)

However, author Lewis Carroll wasn’t the first (or last) to speculate about mirrors and reflective surfaces.

In folklore, water — smooth, reflective lakes and ponds, as well as the sea — has often hidden amazing realms not known in this reality. From Greek and Roman legends to Arthurian tales (the Lady of the Lake, and more), we’re reminded of alternate worlds as close as a reflection.

On the other side of the world, in the Asian art of feng shui and interior design, mirrors may “extend space” far beyond their physical depth in this reality.

In some traditions, people cover mirrors after a death in the home, so the departing spirit won’t be trapped inside the mirror.

Many haunted locations — including The Myrtles Plantation (Louisiana, USA) and the Driskill Hotel (Texas, USA) — have ghostly mirrors, as well.

  • The one in the main hallway at The Myrtles is like many of its counterparts, with recurring handprints (from the back) that returns no matter how often they clean, resurface, or even replace it. Also, a picture of me standing near that mirror — photographed by researcher Margaret Byl — showed a reflection with a chandelier that wasn’t there at the time.
  • The Driskill Hotel’s famous “Maximilian” mirrors are backed with diamond dust, not just silver or silver-colored paint. The mirrors face each other, in pairs, and many people have reported seeing alternate, similar worlds in them. (If you’re looking for ghost stories related to those mirrors, that’s the tip of the iceberg, but a discussion would take us off-topic.)

If you can stand the commercials and the silly sound effects in a video clip, “Ghost Adventures” star Zak Bagans talks about mirrors and matrixing. [Link.] It’s a good, short clip, with a skeptical slant. However, I’m not sure Zak was aware that the mirror he’s pointing at — the famous one at The Myrtles — was installed in 1980. It looks old, but it’s not from an era — usually 19th century or earlier — so common to mirrors with ghost stories.

And then there are scrying mirrors — used to see into (or contact) “the other side” or foretell the future — that have black glass, not silver. According to legend, even Nostradamus used one. So, the portal concept isn’t limited to mirrors with easy-to-see reflections.

If you like creepy mirror stories involving alternate realities, the horror movie, Mirrors, is one among many that exploit this concept.

Beyond Mirrors

Alice and the Looking-glass at Guildford Castle grounds
Photo courtesy of Jacqueline Banerjee and the Victorian Web.

My point isn’t about mirrors and whether some are portals to alternate realities. (I’m not convinced that they are, but I won’t wholly reject the concept, either.)

Instead, I’m talking about the long-held idea that an alternate reality is almost always nearby, and might be “hiding in plain sight.”

In other words, I don’t think the Mandela Effect is new. It didn’t pop up yesterday, or 10 years ago, and I certainly didn’t invent it. (Shadow and I just gave it a name with a reference to recent history.)

In fact, if you study folklore, you’ll see that many tales describe travel between realities. Some are clearer than others.

Changelings are part of a particularly dark concept from the past, in which faeries have swapped places with humans. The faerie looks (mostly) like the human he or she replaced, and the human has been sent to the world the faerie is from, as a replacement in that world or reality.

In some ancient traditions, shamans are able to access alternate realms, worlds, or realities at will. However, most contemporary tales talk about each shaman being granted passage to just one spiritual realm, not free travel across all of them.

The Rev. Mr. Robert Kirk (1644 – ?), author of “The Secret Commonwealth,” wrote about visiting an alternate reality. He described it as a faerie world, and the topic has fascinated folklorists and others, for centuries. I’ve put a question mark at his death date because many believe he left his tired body on a hillside, and actually slid back into the reality he’d been talking about for many years.

What interests me about Kirk’s story isn’t just the world he described. It’s that something in his story resonates so deeply with people, that — despite at least hundreds of similar tales — modern-day scholars still argue whether Kirk’s work was fiction or nonfiction. (And then there are the astonishing number of people who insist that the world of Avatar is real, but that’s another topic for another day.)

Then there are tales of doppelgangers, with two of the same person showing up in the same reality. According to some folklore, seeing a doppelganger predicts that one of them (usually the one whose home seems to be in that reality) will die. Is that because two of the “same” person in one reality is a glitch, and the simplest solution is to delete one? I’m not sure, but it’s worth considering.

In more recent pop culture, everything from Star Trek episodes to the entire Sliders TV series and — more recently — Sliding Doors (movie), one Eureka season and shows like Awake are among projects that use the concept of alternate realities.

Are these fictional accounts popular because, at times, we’d like to escape our current reality? Or, does the concept of alternate realms — whether actual worlds or holodeck creations — resonate with us because we know alternate realities exist… and we’ve been there?

I believe the Mandela Effect isn’t new. I think it’s been an issue for centuries, perhaps as far back as the start of recorded history, or even earlier.

However, I think past generations and cultures explained alternate realities in terms of magick, shamanic travel, or even faeries.

The idea of a mirror as a portal is just one example, but it’s one that seems to linger. Maybe there is something unusual about mirrors, and maybe some do show us another world.

Then again… maybe it’s all folklore.

Mr. Stain and A or E – Markers?

AEThis topic is closely related to Dan’s exploration of anagrams (More About Recurring Letter Changes). It’s also related to our Pepsi/Chevron (beyond red/blue), since we talk about color “markers” at the latter article.

However, this topic is more about the possible significance of particular (individual) letters, especially crossovers between the letters A and E.


The most volatile, related comment might be Mr. Stain’s. Here’s what Mr. Stain said at the Possible Explanations page, in response to a comment by david:

This has nothing to do with financial gain the A is a marker for every time processor in the event of an emergency to understand what reality they are in, there are so many more markers that are hidden from the public yet each letter stands for age, date, time and sequence. This information is true and has been provided for your understanding by a fellow time processor…please watch out for 2029! Be prepaired and watch out for the awakening, this is not make sense now but will soon and please stop using your cell phones they are the key ingredient of your societies collapse. [emphasis added]

The thread that followed was interesting, and I’m re-posting some of the most discussion-provoking responses, here. (Also, I’m linking each to the original comment, in case anyone wants to see the complete, related thread. However, I’d like to steer A/E conversations towards this page.)

Continue reading “Mr. Stain and A or E – Markers?”

“Dawn” – More Questions Than Answers

Sometimes, researching facets of Mandela Effect phenomena leads me down odd rabbit holes. The Leslie Charteris detective/mystery story, “Dawn,” published in 1947, has been one of them. It’s a very strange tale, and inconsistent with Charteris’ other stories.

(“Dawn” appears in the collection, Saint Errant. It’s a collection of stories about “The Saint,” best known as a popular TV series starring Roger Moore, and then a movie starring Val Kilmer, and then a failed TV pilot starring Adam Rayner.)

I know most readers are likely to sigh and feel this is very geeky and off-topic. (Feel free to stop reading here.)

I apologize for the strangeness of this, but — because this could point to something useful and relevant (I’m not sure what, yet) — I want to present what’s been discussed (in comments and in private) so far. It does relate to Mandela Effect… maybe.

(My opinion…? I see the potential forks in this research, but there’s too much data for me to pursue at this time, and — in the end — it may lead nowhere.)

UPDATE: Thinking about this overnight, four possibilities — or perhaps a blend of a couple of them — seems to emerge.

  1. It’s just a story and we’re reading too much into it.  I’m fine with that.
  2. Whomever actually wrote the story had authentic (perhaps personal) insights about shifting between realities.
  3. The person who wrote the story had inside information about secret government projects involving advanced physics. (If this is true, my guess is it’s editor John W. Campbell.)
  4. A group of individuals — most of them sci-fi & fantasy writers — found some kind of entry to the future or to alternate realities… and then laced their stories with hints about what they discovered. The group included Leslie Charteris, Cleve Cartmill, and Henry Kuttner, possibly Theodore Sturgeon, and likely John W. Campbell.

(At this point, while Charteris’ story, “Dawn,” offers some intriguing, Mandela-ish inferences, I think Henry Kuttner’s writing may provide even more.)

Here’s why I’m posting this, even though it may turn out to be nothing of note:

Initially, a long-time Mandela Effect researcher and enthusiast, Vivek Narain, mentioned the Charteris story. I hadn’t read it in years, but Vivek raised several questions about time-travel, alternate realities, and other issues suggested in this short story from “The Saint” series.

Saint Errant at AmazonRe-reading the story, I felt that Vivek had good reason to recommend the story.

For one, I found many names that — to me, anyway — seemed odd enough to be anagrams or substitutes for real-life names.

Selden Appopoulis was one. Trailer Mac was another. Even “Dawn Winter” might be code for someone or something else. (A cameo opal may seem a little unusual to Americans, but cameo opals are less rare in Australia.)

Vivek pointed to eerie coincidences with other names and hidden references. Most connect with American government projects and a few conspiracy topics, notably:

  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • The Lindbergh kidnapping
  • John Lennon’s life and death, and
  • JFK’s assassination.

“Alice in Wonderland, and Through the Looking Glass” elements connected some of them (for code names), especially The Walrus and The Carpenter (Jabberwocky) poem.

Of course, I’m familiar with shaky conspiracy theories and the thready evidence they can be based on. I do not want to make this about the related conspiracies.  That’s a very important point. Keep it in mind when leaving comments; I will not approve anything that will spark conspiracy-focused threads.

Instead, if Vivek and a few others I’ve talked with are correct, the hints and signposts in “Dawn” could present a compelling argument supporting the Mandela Effect.

In fact, the more I researched the story, “Dawn,” the more familiar some elements seemed. They included a character — Big Bill Holbrook — with “the peculiar delusion that he is only a character in a dream which Andrew Faulks, a bank teller in Glendale, has been having. Each night the man`s dreams have been going on a bit longer than before, and this time, `Holbrook` is worried that it`s passed the point of no return and the dream won`t have an ending.” (That was from an alt.pulp summary by Dr. Hermes)

Aside: While that plot device isn’t unique, the story presents it with unsettling phrasing I’ve heard in real life… related to something definitely not fiction.

A few years ago, a noted scientist described to me — in confidence — his continuing, sequential (and often daily) dreams that suggest a second, concurrent life in a parallel reality.

It happened at a specific time each day, and only when he spontaneously fell asleep at a particular location. (Not feet away from it, or at home or when traveling for his research; just at one, exact spot.)

Generally, he’s been a skeptic of paranormal phenomena, so I took his story very seriously. He’s not the kind of person who’d piece together a fantastical tale from thready evidence.

For me, this could be part of the Mandela Effect: Alternate, very real timestreams we visit in our sleep, and — because they’re equally “real” — sometimes don’t distinguish from the current reality. (This also refers to research by Dr. Fred Alan Wolf.)

Of course, the dream/reality concept isn’t entirely new, just the quantum research suggesting it.

From “Through the Looking Glass” (1871) by Lewis Carroll:

“He’s dreaming now,” said Tweedledee: “and what do you think he’s dreaming about?”Alice said “Nobody can guess that.”
“Why, about you!” Tweedledee exclaimed, clapping his hands triumphantly. “And if he left off dreaming about you, where do you suppose you’d be?”
“Where I am now, of course,” said Alice.
“Not you!” Tweedledee retorted contemptuously. “You’d be nowhere. Why, you’re only a sort of thing in his dream!”
“If that there King was to wake,” added Tweedledum, “you’d go out — bang! — just like a candle!”

As I looked into “Dawn” (aka “The Darker Drink”), things quickly took a dramatic and confusing turn… followed by another, and another, and so on.

It’s a very labyrinth-like rabbit hole.

First, there’s the story itself and the odd references in it. Then there’s the mystery of who wrote it, which — because it might make a difference if you’re looking into this — I’ll present first.

Charteris may not have written “Dawn.” According to popular accounts, Charteris hired a ghost writer, Cleve E. Cartmill (1908 – 1964) who also used the pen name Michael Corbin.

“Dawn” is generally attributed to Cartmill. (It was previously attributed to Theodore Sturgeon, but Henry Kuttner also wrote for Charteris, so authorship isn’t clear. Nevertheless, most experts agree that Cartmill was the most likely writer behind the story, “Dawn.”)

Aside: Researching Henry Kuttner becomes another rabbit hole. I started with his robot inventor, first called Gallegher and then Galloway… and quickly landed at some synchronous research at Harvard. It didn’t look promising enough to pursue.

One curious thing — and a flag for Mandela Effect: in 1944, Cartmill had written a story — Deadline — which described the then-secret atom bomb in some detail. That brought Cartmill into an awkward conversation with the FBI.

(Compare with Heinlein’s “Solution Unsatisfactory,” from that same era, which included nuclear arms predictions, a year before Roosevelt authorized the Manhattan Project.)

If you research Cartmill’s main (known) pen name, Michael Corbin, be careful you don’t go astray. Another Michael Corbin (1955 – 2008) was the director of the ParaNet Information Service, one of the Internet’s earliest UFO-related and paranormal websites, with a BBS history as well.

While Cartmill and associates (including his editor, John W. Campbell, who may have been a guiding force) seemed to have access to unusual (but not necessarily secret) information, and a true gift for piecing fragments together, I’m not convinced that’s all they were doing.

For example, it’s difficult to know which is the chicken and which is the egg, when comparing references in “Dawn” to DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, part of The Unites States’ Department of Defense) projects.

“Dawn” seems to point to several DARPA projects… but DARPA was created in 1958 under the American president Eisenhower. “Dawn” was first published (as “A Darker Drink”) in 1947.

(Quirky coincidence: 1958 is the year 42-year-old Henry Kuttner died of an apparent heart attack in Los Angeles.)

With as many as a dozen DARPA references in “Dawn,” explanations can vary widely. It might be plain-vanilla coincidence or — at the other extreme — names created by DARPA as a smokescreen to cover how accurate “Dawn” may have been, and how much the author knew.

It’s very easy to get sidetracked by references in “Dawn” that seemed to predict the future.

For example, here are just a few odd, potential connections. Some have been pointed out by others, especially Vivek (who deserves full credit for this discovery). Others are clearly stated in “Dawn.” (Remember, it was published in 1947.)

  • Jimmy, also called Oswald (an actual name in the story) and — of course — the man attributed with Jack Kennedy’s assassination.
  • Big Bill Holbrook (Sydney Greenstreet, Jack Ruby, Big Jim Garrison)
  • Trailer Mac (Mac Wallace, with connections to Ruby and others)
  • Little Lord Feigenbaum (not Little Lord Fauntleroy, the logical choice) – Feigenbaum (an unusual name) may predict Mitchell Feigenbaum (b. 1944), who pioneered chaos theory  and other important concepts. Or, the name in “Dawn” might be a quirky coincidence.

However, while chasing rabbits that lead to even more labrythine research, it’s easy to lose sight of the main question: Whether “Dawn” points — with many heavy hints — to time travel, parallel realities, and Mandela Effect… or not.

It’s a more tangled question than I’d expected, and I haven’t a clue what the answer is. Everything could be attributed to coincidence and startling synchronicity.

So, there are the leads. Most people probably stopped reading long before this point. For those who want to pursue this, I’ve given you plenty to work with.

Note: I’ve omitted at least half the odd, predictive references in “Dawn,” but welcome others to mention them in comments, as long as we don’t get lost in conspiracy theories that are secondary to the focus of this websites.

A few references, for those who want to pursue this topic further

Alt.pulp summary of the Dawn/Darker Drink story,!topic/alt.pulp/Lzkf5r5f8FQ

Leslie Charteris’ author page at The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction – (Mentions that some of Charteris’ work may have been penned by Theodore Sturgeon, Henry Cuttner (1915 – 1958), or Cleve Cartmill, but the latter is generally attributed with authorship of “Dawn.”)

John W. Campbell bio –

Cartmill’s pen names – The FictionMags Index, and

Deadline controversy – and Robert Silverberg’s “reflections” on the story – and, explaining that there was no security leak or mystery involved. (The misspelling of “Cleave” in the title of the second article caught my attention, but — even at — typos happen.)

The second article refers to Heinlein’s “Solution Unsatisfactory,” in greater detail than the current Wikipedia article,

Also see another reference to Campbell’s knowledge in “The Cleve Cartmill Affair” –

If you want to pursue the anagram angle –

The Walrus and The Carpenter poem –

DARPA –,,and some “stealth” info including Teal Dawn –

Malcolm (Mac) Wallace bio – and (far murkier and more conspiracy-related)

Off-topic… maybe

Henry Kuttner bio – and “Neil Gaiman and F. Paul Wilson Discuss Why They’re Reviving Henry Kuttner’s Stories” –

Kutter’s “Time Locker” story was included in “The Best Time-Travel Stories of the 20th Century.” (Google it, or search for “Kuttner ‘Ahead of Time'”.) Most of his stories — and his pen names — are listed at the Index to Science Fiction Collections and Anthologies –

Mitchell Feigenbaum bio –

Michael Corbin bio – and Michael Corbin’s ParaNet –

Rarity of the Andrew Faulks name –

Another, unrelated coincidence: an author named Dawn Charteris, working with aboriginal dishes for healthier eating (PDF link at that page was for her complete cookbook — now at — with some delicious-sounding recipes. Yes, when almost overwhelmed with a series of odd coincidences, I often default to the mundane.)

Doppelganger Questions

Meeting yourself - a doppelganger - represented in a painting
1864 painting: “How They Met Themselves”

Doppelgangers have been encountered for centuries.

A doppelganger (literally, a “double walker”) is the duplicate or double of of a living person.

Could both of them be the same person, but one is from an alternate reality, and has merely “slid” into this world?

That’s where this phenomenon might be relevant to the Mandela Effect.

In some cases, the “duplicate” person is only seen by other people. At other times, the person encounters himself.

For our studies, I’m not sure the distinction matters.

However, in the 19th century, some people believed the doppelganger predicted death. This is especially true in Irish literature, where the double is described as a Fetch.

(Its Scandinavia counterpart, Fylgja, relates to an animal whose appearance may sometimes predict death. So, it is not a true doppelganger.)

So far, no one has a satisfactory explanation for doppelganger-like phenomena.

Note: In popular use, the word “doppelganger” can refer to someone who’s a mere look-alike for someone else. (Dr. Who has featured many variations of this concept.)

Also, some politicians hire look-alikes for security or other reasons. (The 1993 movie, Dave, made use of this trope.) They’re sometimes referred to as doppelgangers.

That’s not what we’re talking about at this website.

Other literary tropes include these doppelgangers:

  • In Prometheus Unbound by Percy Bysshe Shelley, the concept of a doppelgänger double was described as a counterpart to the self.
  • Edgar Allan Poe’s story “William Wilson” describes the double with sinister, demonic qualities.
  • George Gordon Byron used doppelgänger imagery to explore the duality of human nature.
  • Charles Williams’ Descent Into Hell (1939), has character Pauline Anstruther seeing her own doppelgänger all through her life.
  • Clive Barker‘s story “Human Remains” in his Books of Blood is a doppelgänger tale.
  • Cathy MacPhail’s story, “Another Me” was a best-selling young adult novel, later made into a movie.

(Portions of that list courtesy of Wikipedia)

Shelley’s own encounter with a doppelganger remains one of the most baffling (and legendary). As described in a letter by his wife, Mary Wollestonecraft Shelley (author of the novel, Frankenstein):

…he told me that he had had many visions lately — he had seen the figure of himself which met him as he walked on the terrace and said to him — “How long do you mean to be content” — No very terrific words & certainly not prophetic of what has occurred. But Shelley had often seen these figures when ill; but the strangest thing is that Mrs Williams saw him. Now Jane, though a woman of sensibility, has not much imagination & is not in the slightest degree nervous — neither in dreams or otherwise. She was standing one day, the day before I was taken ill, [June 15] at a window that looked on the Terrace with Trelawny — it was day — she saw as she thought Shelley pass by the window, as he often was then, without a coat or jacket — he passed again — now as he passed both times the same way — and as from the side towards which he went each time there was no way to get back except past the window again (except over a wall twenty feet from the ground) she was struck at seeing him pass twice thus & looked out & seeing him no more she cried — “Good God can Shelley have leapt from the wall?…. Where can he be gone?” Shelley, said Trelawny — “No Shelley has past — What do you mean?” Trelawny says that she trembled exceedingly when she heard this & it proved indeed that Shelley had never been on the terrace & was far off at the time she saw him. [emphasis added]

About two weeks after this sighting, Percy Shelley was dead. The details and witness of his doppelganger make it a particularly compelling tale.

However, from a Mandela Effect viewpoint, what if the doppelganger is really “another you” from a different timestream? Recently, this possibility was raised by a reader.

Debs described the following incident:

The class was asked to take out the art projects that we stated the day before. I didn’t open my desk because I “knew” I didn’t have a project, thinking I was absent the day before….I had NO recollection of the day or the project. The teacher came over and asked why I hadn’t taken my project out and I informed her that I didn’t have one because I had been “absent” the day before. She said, “you were here yesterday, I worked on it with you”. She opened my desk and took out a project that had my name on it in what looked like my hand writing. I will NEVER forget that day. I was young and it scared me that I had no recollection of it when art and making things were my two favorite things to do.

Many science fiction tropes — including some used in Dr. Who — present the idea that timestreams should not cross so you “see yourself” in passing. (Of course, that may be rooted in the centuries-old folklore that seeing yourself means death… at least for one of you.)

Are doppelgangers further evidence of Mandela Effect? Might the “don’t see yourself” warning reflect something about the physics of this phenomenon?

Or, could doppelgangers be attributed to time travel, in general?  Is it more likely that the person who looks like you is actually someone else… perhaps a descendant? (As sci-fi as it sounds, is that more probable than a Mandela Effect encounter?)

Are there other explanations?

Note: If you’ve had a doppelganger experience, and you’d like to share it with others in a book, I hope you’ll contact me via the Doppelganger reports form. (Comments below will not be included in the book unless also submitted via the report form.)

Illustration: How They Met Themselves, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1864, courtesy of the Fitzwilliam Museum, via Wikipedia.